After months of complex negotiations, Parliament gave its blessing to the EU’s long-term budget for 2014-2020 on Tuesday. All the conditions set out in its July resolution – which followed a political agreement at the highest levels between Parliament, the Irish Presidency and the Commission were met. The overall budget for the next seven years is €960 billion in commitments and €908 billion in payments (at 2011 prices).
by Martha Devon
Firstly, Parliament wanted the recurring shortfalls in payments, which have made it almost impossible for the European Commission to fulfil its legal, financial obligations in recent years, to be remedied so as to avoid starting 2014 in the red. Member states agreed to add another €3.9 billion to 2013.
Secondly, Parliament also insisted all legal bases for the various EU programmes be finalised on the basis of co-decision between the Council and Parliament. This is now the case and as a result many programmes are being voted during this plenary session.
Thirdly, Parliament insisted on the setting up of a high-level working group on “own resources” to work on reforming the EU’s income arrangements, as the current system, with all its exceptions, rebates, different sources of funding and dependence on national budgets, has become inexplicable. Member states agreed to the setting up of this group, which will start its work shortly.
In the June 2013 agreement Parliament already secured the key priorities set out in its negotiating mandate. These included close to full flexibility to move unpaid funds (payment appropriations) between years and wide flexibility for commitments, both between years and between categories of expenditure. This flexibility is needed to ensure that every EU budget euro is used where it is most needed, especially now that annual budgets will decrease.
Another key achievement for Parliament was to insert a “revision clause”, which will require the European Commission to present a review of the functioning of the EU’s long-run budget (Multi-annual Financial Framework -MFF) in 2016, taking full account of the economic situation at the time. Particular emphasis will be given to aligning the future duration of the MFF – currently seven years – with the 5-year political cycles of the EU institutions. The review will be accompanied by a legislative proposal for revision.
The Council of Ministers is set to approve the MFF as an A point at the Competitiveness Council on 2 December